Less than a year after Pearl Harbor, whites in Clarke County, Mississippi, lynched again at the bridge in Shubuta. Vigilantes hanged two adolescent boys, Charlie Lang and Ernest Green, nearly a week after local authorities arrested them for attempted rape of a fifteen-year-old white girl. The killings sparked a national outcry, the first federal lynching probe in Mississippi history, and investigations by civil rights sympathizers—a Jewish journalist from New York City, a black reporter from Chicago, and a Mississippi-born white woman working undercover for the NAACP. As the documents suggest, the 1942 Hanging Bridge lynchings also fueled wartime civil rights activism. None of this, however, could bring the boys’ killers to justice.